Conway Springs, Kansas
Gary & Roxanne Hickenbottom
Raising Quality, Healthy Puppies
From Our Loving Home to Yours!
Contact us at 620-456-3252 or
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Puppy Care For New Parents

 I have listed some very important topics which I hope can be helpful for my new puppy parents. If you have adopted a puppy from me and do not find the answer to your question, feel free to email me at 
or call me at 620-456-3252
Our Veterinary is: Dr. Tony Birney Cheney KS
Food & Water    *   Housebreaking      Safety     Grooming   *  First Aid
Puppy Proofing Your Home
Food & Water
I send your puppy home with a Iams puppy kit, included is a package of Iams dry small breed kibble and a can of wet puppy food. Do not switch out the food, it can make your puppy's stomach irritated. I cannot stress this enough, please make sure your puppy eats and drinks. It is vital that your puppy has 3 to 4 meals a day and has fresh water available at all times. Not eating and drinking could result in hypoglycemic (low blood sugar) which could result in your puppy getting extremely sick or even death, this can happen in one day.  Do not assume your puppy is eating, make sure you see him eat and keep track of the amount he is eating. If you cannot get your puppy to eat the dry all alone, then you will need to add 1 tablespoon of the canned to it and mix it together.  If the mixing of the two does not work, then you can give him 4 tablespoons of the canned all alone and keep working on him at each feeding to get him to eat the hard food.  If all of this fails you can give your puppy Nutrical to help him in obtaining a better appetite.  You can purchase this from any veterinarian. If you ever feel that you cannot get your puppy to eat anything, please feel free to call me and we will figure out a remedy together. I have never met a puppy I couldn't make eat something.

First of all there has to be a reason for a puppy?s blood sugar level to drop. A happy, healthy puppy is not going to just get low blood sugar for no reason! It can be brought on by poor diet or an illness. First and far most important, they must be eating well. If a puppy refuses to eat because they are still adjusting, we recommend feeding them pretty much whatever they will eat! I have found that puppies will eat their dry kibble much easier if there is something moist mixed in with it. Try adding cottage cheese or yogurt, some canned puppy food or baby food chicken out of the jar along with some corn syrup. This is much more enticing than just a bowl of dry puppy food. You can even add this syrup to you puppy?s drinking water as a constant source of sugar. You can even put a little warm water or pedialite over their food. Some people will boil chicken for a puppy or brown some ground beef and add rice to it. This is great for a puppy and they love it! There are many different things you can make up for a puppy but these are what I know have worked in the past.
Typically, puppies need to stay on their puppy food until about one year of age. Then you can switch to Eukanuba small bite for Adult dogs.  I also like Science Diet and Iams.  Make sure you feed your dog a good premium food, so that you are providing your dog the best.   A good dog food provides them with a nice shiny coat, free from dandruff and itchy skin, nice healthy teeth, and helps maintain the overall proper nutrients for a healthy, happy life.
Small Breed puppies may think and act like they are big puppies but they have significantly different nutritional needs. Iams recognizes this, so our foods are customized for their unique needs. Iams Small Breed Puppy has our highest protein and fat content in a puppy food and comes in a small nutrient-dense kibble? for their higher metabolism and smaller stomach. Iams Small Breed Puppy is made with more natural fish oil than our adult foods to deliver enhanced levels of DHA (Docosahexaenoic Acid) for optimal brain development and a smart, trainable puppy. Since small breeds can live up to an average of 50% longer than larger dogs, our food contains selected antioxidants like Vitamin E to support their immune system and longer life expectancy. Iams Small Breed Puppy also contains fibers such as beet pulp and FOS (fructooligosaccharides), to help promote a healthy digestive tract.
                                 OUR HIGHEST QUALITY INGREDIENTS
?  Chicken is the #1 Ingredient: Real chicken as the #1 ingredient provides an excellent 
   source of protein
?  Natural Fish Oil for DHA: Provides DHA, a brain-building nutrient that helps 
   develop smart, trainable puppies. Fish Oil also provides Omega-3 fatty acids for healthy 
   skin and coat 
?  No Unnecessary Extras: No fillers, artificial preservatives, artificial flavors or colors 
?  Wholesome Grains: Made with highly digestible corn, grain sorghum and rice to help 
   maintain healthy blood sugar and energy levels
?  Antioxidants: Made with antioxidants such as Vitamin E, to support your dog's 
   immune system
?  DigestiCare Plus: Made with beet pulp fiber and FOS that work with your puppy's  
   natural defenses to help maintain a healthy digestive track.

Coccidiosis (aka Coccidia)

We also want all of our customers to be well aware of the signs of stress in a puppy. Lots of puppies can stress out from the move. Think about it, new sounds, new smells, new voices, new faces and absolutely everything is different. This can cause a little puppy to become very scared. Even though you shower your puppy with attention and love, he or she can still become stressed from the changes. The first sign of stress is a loose stool. First it can get loose, then mucousy or even a tint of pink may appear in it (blood). Not to worry, it is very curable! This is what is diagnosed as Coccidiosis (aka Coccidia). I have done lots of research on this and the best way I can describe it is as follows. Coccidia is a protozoa that is dormant like in the intestines. It is commonly referred to as a parasite but it is indeed a protozoa. Not that it matters, they are treated pretty much the same. When a puppy gets upset, this protozoa can become active and irritate the intestinal lining which thus causes the loose stool, mucous and blood. If ignored, it can be very serious and fatal. If you know what to watch for, you can catch it and treat it right away.
Most vets prescribe an oral antibiotic called Albon. Albon is a sweet tasting oral antibiotic that is given once a day for about 10 days. It is remarkable how quickly it takes affect. Within 24 hours usually you will see a big change. Now remember this is if you are keeping watch on your puppy and looking for signs. If ignored, a puppy will get diarrhea and it only goes down hill from there. Worse case would be not only the diarrhea but also vomiting and eventually becoming lethargic and dehydrated. The smaller the puppy, the quicker you can lose them. Although this may be very scary to you, we have never lost a puppy to coccidia. We have only seen it show up in pups at two times. The first time is when they are being weaned from the mom if it happens too quickly and the other is when they move to their new home. I have read that it can come on in a matter of only hours!  If you have any questions at all on this subject, please ask!

As soon as you get your puppy home, start right in on practicing housebreaking, the more often you take your puppy outside the quicker he will learn what is expected of him.  If you don't have a fenced in yard, always put a collar & leash on your puppy to protect him from running away or getting in the way of a passing car.  This can happen in the blink of an eye.  Your puppy will have to go potty 15-20 minutes after drinking water or eating his meal. If you are able to take your puppy outside at least every 2 hours that would be a great start. If you catch him in the act, just pick him up give a firm no and take him outside to the yard and give him the command word, something like, go potty good boy, then give praise and a special treat for a reward, this helps in letting your puppy know he has done something very right.  Don't ever spank, slap, scream at him, or rub his nose in it, this is very detremental to the process, and he will loose his trust in you and cause a great setback.  Housebreaking may take 2 weeks or up to several months depending on each puppy and their new family.  Just remember repetition & frequency is the key to your success.  This can be a very trying period in a puppy's life for both the new owner and the young pup, who's trying its best to please his master.
Why use Crates?

Dogs are den animals and feel secure in small enclosed spaces. By nature they will avoid excreting waste in the place where they den and prefer it to be as clean as possible. Dog crates make excellent dens when sized properly. The idea that placing a dog in a crate is cruel is a common misconception. Crates should be used throughout a dog's life and the sooner you introduce your dog to their own crate the better off you both will be. A dog's instinct is to please their owner and most problem behaviors occur while the owner is away. If the dog is in a crate while you are away problem behaviors are avoided and they usually spend most of this time sleeping. Introducing your pet to a crate is one of the best steps you can make toward a properly balanced dog. Crate-trained dogs also travel easier with their dens since they feel secure. This also helps when visiting the veterinarian or groomer who uses crates.

Crate training is the easiest method to housebreak your dog. When returning home, remove your dog from the crate and immediately take them to your chosen spot and encourage them to "go potty," or whatever command you feel comfortable with. Allow them no more than 3 to 5 minutes to potty, not play. If unsuccessful, start the routine over with more crate time. Keep in mind the age of your puppy and how long they may be able to hold their bladder. Dogs vary, but as a rule a 3-month old puppy should be able to last through the night. Also, it's never too late to start using a crate; older dogs may require more time to acclimate. It is also important not to show excitement when removing them from the crate, rather use a soft subtle tone or say nothing until at the potty spot. Excitement can cause many small dogs to experience submissive urination, a behavior that can be difficult to break. Likewise, while placing your dog in the crate before you leave, it's best to remain calm.

Crating Duration Guidelines


  9-10 Weeks

Approx. 1-2 hours

11-14 Weeks

Approx. 2-3 hours

15-16 Weeks

Approx. 3-4 hours

17 + Weeks

Approx. 4+ (6 hours maximum)

Proper Sizing

The crate should be just big enough for the dog to walk in, turn around, and lay down. It is okay to purchase the size crate that will suit the dog's needs when fully grown. Using a divider to control the amount of crate available is a good idea while your puppy is growing. Don't use a crate that is too big or it will defeat the natural "den" instinct. Your pet may use one end of the crate to go potty instead of exercising bladder control.

Where Should the Crate be Located?

Position the crate in an area that is easy to supervise, not in an isolated area. At night your bedroom is an ideal place so the dog can feel secure near their owner. Avoid drafts or direct heat, and experiment with crate drapes on the top and/or sides for added security. Multiple crates throughout the home makes training much easier. Be sure to never leave a puppy unattended. If you can't watch them -- crate them.

Spaying and Neutering
We suggest that you have your puppy spayed (females) or neutered (males) at a young age. Generally, about 4-6 months of age is recommended for poodle or yorkie puppies -- but we suggest you speak with your   veterinarian.
Important note: if male puppies are neutered at a young age, generally six months or younger, it will help to prevent them from developing the habit of lifting their leg to leave a territorial "marking" when they are older. They will continue to squat to go potty.


It is very important to keep your new puppy in a safe environment.  They are just babies and can get scared very easily and need to be protected at all times.  If you have small children don't let them mishandle the puppy, it is best to have them set on the floor with supervision. Never place your puppy on the couch, bed or countertop they have no fear of heights and will jump and could easily break a bone. If you have other dogs do not leave your small puppy alone with the older dogs as their may be a jealousy issue and they could kill, maul or mame your new puppy.  If you buy a puppy during the holidays and you are going to have your puppy around alot of people, don't let the puppy get stressed out or handled too much this can cause him to get extremely exhausted and sick.  Please do not tie out your puppy in the yard for long periods of time without supervision, they can hang themselves, get mauled from a strange dog in the neighborhood, or they could even be stolen. When going on car rides, never have your car window down if your dog will be loose in the car, you never know if something will catch his eye and he will jump out of the moving vehicle. Never, Never, Never leave your dog in a parked car with the windows cracked, if the temperature is 75* in just minutes it can turn into 90* in the car.  Do not feed your dog ham or bacon, I have been told this can cause severe kidney damage from the salty meat. Do not feed your dog chocolate this is toxic to them and it can cause death. Make sure you keep your dog up to date on his vaccinations and worming treatments.  Establish a good relationship with your vet, know what his hours are and what the procedure is for after hour emergencies.
Heat Stroke

Dog Behaviors


I have been a dog groomer for going on 8 years now and I can give you a lot of tips if you need or want to ask for them.  You may bath your puppy every week if you like, use a mild puppy shampoo, do not use human shampoo it does not have the correct ph balance for you puppies skin. Start brushing your puppies teeth as soon as possible to get him used to it.  You can use a baby tooth brush and always use a dog toothpaste, they come in different flavors like beef and liver. Brush their teeth very gently so you won't cause any bleeding.  Make sure you keep the hair cut away from the eyes, so it won't irritate the eyes and cause the eye to be wet.  Also in the poodle breeds and most of the poo mix breeds you will need to keep the hair pulled from the inner ear canal,  they may want to itch the ear eccessive and it may also cause ear infections.  There is a special powder you can buy to make this task easier on you and your puppy.  Keep their toenails clipped short, I will show you how to clip them, but if they have black toenails it is very hard to find the wick, and if you clip the nail too short it bleeds profusely sometimes lasting an hour.  It takes practice and to be on the safe side you may need to leave this to your vet or groomer.  You will want to clip the hair around the anal area short, so the hair doesn't want to grow into the anal and cause serious problems.  Aso when kept short they won't get anything hung up in the hair and then want to scoot across your carpet and make a stain.  Puppies need to be groomed on a regular basis, usually every 2-3 months. There are a lot of different cuts, but in the beginning when they are still a puppy the "puppy cut" is the easiest to maintain. The yorkies can have their hair grow all the way to the floor, but you must comb it on a dailey basis to keep it free from mats and tangles.  When choosing a new groomer, I would make sure they appear to like what they are doing, they should greet you and your dog with a smile and want to hold your dog and talk to him. He should ask you lots of questions about the style you want and all the little extras.  A good groomer always pulls the hair from the ears and cuts the toenails, and uses a dremmel tool to smoothe the edges.  Having their anal glands depressed is not necessary, if you don't start it you won't have to have it done all the time.  And this can cause your dog not to want to go back to your groomer. Also make sure they don't use any sedatives, this is not a necessity, a groomer will sometimes do this to get more dogs groomed in a day, and it is against the law. If you choose a nice mannered, pet oriented groomer your dog will enjoy his trips to the salon.  If he has one unhappy experience with a bad or mean groomer it can cause a whole lifetime of stress for the puppy, yourself and the next groomer you choose.

The Kitchen  

Inquisitive puppies may not have hands to pry open cupboards, but they do have strong little muzzles and surprisingly agile paws.  If you don't want to move all the cleaning supplies from beneath the sink (the safest bet), at least install a child-proof cabinet latch.


Be sure to keep you garbage container locked away as well, unless you want to risk having its contents strewn all over the kitchen.  Poultry bones can be deadly to your puppy.


Potential hazards 

bullet cleanser
bullet soap
bullet drain cleaner
bullet glass cleaner



bullet bleach
bullet ammonia
bullet aluminum can lids



 The Bathroom 

A puppy's sharp little teeth would have no trouble biting through that shampoo bottle sitting on the edge of your bathtub.  If probably won't kill him, but it could make him awfully sick.  Make sure all cosmetics are safely stowed in a top drawer.  Again, as in the kitchen, keep the trash can out of reach.

  • Potential hazards

bullet bar soap
bullet shampoo
bullet tub and tile cleaner
bullet toilet cleaner (keep toilet lid down if using automatic cleaners)
bullet cosmetics
bullet aspirin and other drugs
bullet razors
bullet cotton swabs
bullet potpourri

The Bedroom 


People frequently make the mistake of leaving their medications on the bedside table.  Animals have eaten No-Doze®, Tylenol® and even heart medication.  All of these can kill a dog.


It's not enough to have child-proof caps on the medicine vials; dogs can easily chew right through the plastic containers.  Put medicines away after taking them.  And keep coins and jewelry away from curious puppies, too.


Potential dangers 

bullet all medicines
bullet coins
bullet earrings
bullet nylons (not an uncommon cause of intestinal obstruction)

The Living Room/Den 


Try to make electric cords as inaccessible as possible by securing any extra length of cord with a rubber band and placing the appliance as close to the wall as possible.  See that houseplants are kept safely out of reach.  Some of the most noxious plants are those that adorn the house at Christmas time: mistletoe, poinsettia and holly berries.


If you paint or knit, be sure to put the materials away after you've finished.  The same applies to children's toys such as marbles and jacks.  Also make sure your puppy's own toys won't pose a threat to him; for instance, throw out the leaky stuffed animal to prevent him from swallowing the stuffing.


You might also want to think about blocking off any stairs with a baby gate until your puppy is sure of foot.  Small breeds would likely be hurt the most by a tumble down the stairs, but large breed puppies are just as uncoordinated in their first months.


Potential dangers 

bullet television and stereo cords
bullet houseplants
bullet needles and yarn
bullet paints
bullet small toys
bullet stairs
bullet remote controls
The Garage

The garage stores a number of potentially lethal substances, from paint thinner to anti-freeze to insecticide.  It's probably safest just to keep your dog out of the garage than to try to put every hazard out of harm's way.


Potential dangers

bullet rat poison
bullet petroleum products
bullet fertilizers
bullet slug and small bait
bullet lead soldering wire
bullet rock salt

The Yard 


Place all potted plants out of reach along with chemicals.  When you're ready to apply insecticide or fertilizer to your yard, be sure to put your puppy inside the house.


Until your puppy has worked through that "chew everything in sight" stage, try to keep a watchful eye on him and provide plenty of safe toys.  You'll need to make sure he has a safe, comfortable place to stay such as a crate.

   Swimming Pool
Before leaving your puppy alone in the backyard, make sure he or she can swim and get out of the pool.  Hint:  get in the pool at water level and look around.  If you can't see a way out of the pool, neither can your puppy.  Place a marker such as a chair or large planter on the pool deck at the steps and train your puppy to go to the marker.  The best assurance, though, is to make sure access to the pool is limited and locked, such as installing a fence around the pool with a locked gate.
Coconut Oil for dogs
  Fed regularly to pets, coconut oil may have multiple benefits:

Skin Conditions

  • Clears up skin conditions such as eczema, flea allergies, contact dermatitis,and itchy skin
  • Reduces allergic reactions and improves skin health
  • Makes coats become sleek and glossy, and deodorizes doggy odor
  • Prevents and treats yeast and fungal infections, including candida
  • Disinfects cuts and promotes wound healing
  • Applied topically, promotes the healing of cuts, wounds, hot spots, dry skin and hair, bites and stings


  • Improves digestion and nutrient absorption
  • Aids healing of digestive disorders like inflammatory bowel syndrome and colitis
  • Reduces or eliminates bad breath in dogs
  • Aids in elimination of hairballs and coughing

Immune System, Metabolic Function, Bone Health

  • Contains powerful antibacterial, antiviral, and anti-fungal agents that prevent infection and disease
  • Regulates and balance insulin and promotes normal thyroid function
  • Helps prevent or control diabetes
  • Helps reduce weight, increases energy
  • Aids in arthritis or ligament problems


















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Puppies may be reserved with a $100 non-refundable deposit.